WA 2 Pre-Writing Outline | Prewriting and Outlining | Free Essay Writing Service

WA 2 Pre-Writing Outline | Prewriting and Outlining | Free Essay Writing ServiceWA 2 Pre-Writing Outline Directions: This worksheet is designed to help you build skills and strategies to complete WA 2effectively. Please fill in the blanks[highlighted in yellow]to the best of your ability; incomplete submissions will not earn full credit.

Introduction Paragraph – Providing Context & Taking a Position

“They Say” – Background [chapters 1-3]

Provide a focused summary of the article and the viewpoint you are responding to. Provide in-text citations (including page numbers!) for your summary; select details from the text to summarize that relate to the specific debate you are entering. This summary should be 4-5 sentences.

In chapter one, Graff and Birkenstein explains how to construct arguments by stating what “they say,” then you can reply with your thoughts and declare your argument. They also say using templates are something that help with an introduction.

Chapter two mainly focuses on how to write a good summary by using the information of a story that interests you the most. Chapter two also teaches how to avoid plagiarism by paraphrasing what they “they say” into your own words (.

Chapter three is about “The art of quoting”, it tells you quoting from other people the exact words is the best way to have a strong argument because it gives more credibility to your summary. Chapter 3 also states that you should build an explanation around the quotations to keep them from dangling (49).

“I Say” – Thesis Statement [chapter 4]

Select a template from chapter 4 to express your position on this issue. Review the lists on page 60 (“Disagreeing with Reasons) or page 65-66 (“Agreeing and Disagreeing Simultaneously”).

On the one hand I agree that it helps. On the other hand, I’m not sure if it does not take away the creativity from the writer.

[fill in thesis here – delete brackets]

WA 2 Pre-Writing Outline | Prewriting and Outlining | Free Essay Writing Service

Body Paragraph Structure – PIE [Point/Illustration/Explanation]

Note: This is an example for one paragraph only; you will need to complete multiple body paragraphs for this paper.

Point [Topic Sentence]

What point do you want to prove in this paragraph? This sentence should not include any quotes or specific details from the articles.

[fill in topic sentence here – delete brackets]

Illustration(s) [Evidence]

What details and examples from the readings or from your observations/life experiences support this point? REMEMBER TO INCLUDE CITATIONS FOR ANY QUOTES, PARAPHRASE, OR SUMMARY!!

[fill in illustrations here – delete brackets]

Explanation [Concluding Sentence]

How does your evidence support your topic sentence/main point? Explain your thinking–connect the dots for readers about how you are making sense of this information. Your paragraph SHOULD NOT end with a quote or a detail from the text; it should end with an explanation of how the evidence you’ve presented supports your thesis.

[fill in concluding sentence here – delete brackets]

Sandwich Method Review [chapter 3]

When you use a quote from the text to support your thesis, remember to use the “sandwich method” to integrate the quote into your paragraph seamlessly.

Select a template for introducing quotations from page 45
According to [fill in last name of author – delete brackets] ,
Select a MEANINGFUL quote (and include in-text citation of page number)
“ [fill in supporting quote – delete brackets] ” ( [fill in page number – delete brackets] ).
Select a template for explaining quotations from page 47
In other words, [fill in name of author] believes [fill in your explanation] .

Putting It All Together

This may seem redundant, but I want you to take the exercise you did above and put it together with perfect punctuation and formatting exactly as it would appear in your paper for extra practice using and applying these skills. You can copy/paste your work from the boxes above.

According to [fill in] , “ [fill in] ” ( [fill in] ). In other words, [fill in] believes [fill in].

Possible Concluding Paragraph Structure

Planting a Naysayer [chapter 6]

Select templates from chapter 6 to acknowledge and refute opposing viewpoints; the following example is modified from page 89.

Some might believe that [fill in opposing argument]; however, I still insist that [fill in reason opposing argument is incorrect].

Saying Why It Matters [chapter 7]

Select templates from chapter 7 to explain who cares about your claim and why it matters; the following example is from page 98.

This issue is important because [fill in reasoning – delete brackets] .