Unit-2 Scientific Management Assignment Help

Unit-2 Scientific Management Assignment Help Standardization is defined as a process to creating and maintaining uniformity in the way different tasks are done in the organization. This means use of standard tools and methods for conducting the operations of the organization, maintaining standard conditions like safety, temperature, space for doing the tasks, use of same quality of material for production and attaining the Unit-2 Scientific Management Assignment Helpsame level of quality of the products. Standardization helps in removing wastes involved in the different processes, reduction of time taken to do the tasks, achieving same quality of production and increase the productivity of the organization. In automobile industry, the assembly line approach is used widely which is supposed to be a work of Henry Ford but is actually the implementation of the idea of standardization proposed by Fredrick Taylor (Rose, 1975). The assembly line is the arrangement of different tools, machines and processes in a systematic manner through which different part of the automobiles are processed and are assembled to form the complete vehicle. When such a setup for manufacturing automobiles is used, the productivity of the factory increases exponentially as compared to any facility which does not use assembly line. At present, every automobile company uses the assembly line setup for manufacturing automobiles.

Performance linked payment

Performance linked payment means that the employees must obtain their wages as per their performance. Those workers who work efficiently and perform better get higher monetary compensation and those who perform poor get lower compensation. This helps in making people in the organization avoid or delaying their work and perform as per their potential. The motivation given by the prospect of higher wages for better performance inspires people to work better when their wages are linked with their performance. This was observed by Taylor when he found out that fixed payment makes people work at the slowest rate which is unpunished. This phenomenon observed in every workplace is called ‘Soldiering’ (Taylor, 1911). In automobile industry also this phenomenon can be observed easily in the organization where the workers receive fixed wages in the factory. Some of the organizations thus have implemented performance linked payment in automobile industry where the workers are offered their compensation on their performance for example, the number of pieces of parts manufactured. The motivation of higher compensation works for increasing the productivity of workers in automobile manufacturing industry which increases the productivity of their organizations as a whole.

Unit-2 Scientific Management Assignment Help

Conclusion

The above described elements of the scientific management of Fredrick Taylor show how implementation of these concepts can actually increase the efficiency of the organizations and eliminate the different kinds of wastes generated during the operations. These concepts can be considered obvious by the present age managers but these concepts were proposed by Fredrick Taylor more than a century ago and were not known to the managers of that time due to which the organizations worked inefficiently (Mullins, 2004). Thus Taylor was the pioneer of scientific management as he was the first individual who offered these concepts which radically improved the productivity of the organizations once they were implemented by the organizations. The application and the use of these concepts have seen some modification as the time and conditions have changed a lot since the time these ideas were proposed. The ideas of Fredrick Taylor however continue to be in use, though in different and modified form in various organizations as per the need of the different industries and organizations.Order Now

References

  • Mullins, L. J. (2004), Management and Organizational Behavior (7th ed.), Financial Times, FT Press, Prentice Hall Pearson Education Ltd.
  • Pugh, D.S. and Hickson, D.J. (1993), Great Writers on Organizations, Ashgate.
  • Rose M (1975), Industrial Behavior: Theoretical Development Since Taylor, Allen Lane Press
  • Taylor, F.W. (1903), Shop Management, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, NY, USA