Traditional Chinese Medicine

Traditional Chinese Medicine

Part I: Introduction

Traditional Chinese Medicine            The study is going to discuss the significance of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) to the chosen disease. It is because TCM is an alternative medicine that can be integrated or applied separately by a patient suffering from a disease. The disease that can be chosen can be either skin disease or pediatric disease. This study is going to utilize at least three journals to compare and contrast related on the chosen disorder. Going through with the discussion of the paper, it seeks to elaborate about the significance of the disease particularly with the prevalence and the nature of the disease progression. In addition, this study is going to present significant resolutions related to the application of TCM to the chosen disease of the study. It is because it is an alternative Chinese intervention to treat disease as well as helps to improve the recovery phase for patients to fasten their recovery at the shortest possible time.

Part II: Review of Related Literature

            Acupuncture is a type of treatment used for TCM that aims to alleviate signs and symptoms of distress (White 2013, 297). As a comparison, Acupuncture is a part of TCM, which provides therapeutic impact to a person’s health and wellness. It is because it utilizes Ying Tang approach or the impulse between the positive and negative vibes that affects the health of a person suffering from an ailment. This particular treatment has been going on for more several thousands of years when ancient Chinese doctors discovered that puncturing specific body parts provides solution to improve the health and wellness of a patient (White 2013, 298). In contrast, Acupuncture is only limited to the application of puncture using needles in order to allow the body to experience significant decrease with a certain disease. Acupuncture can be applied all over the body because it aims to provide therapeutic impact to the body of an individual’s physiological status to normalize. Unlike other TCM therapies that are only limited to a certain part of the body because there is a harmful impact that can be applied if there is too much application of other TCM (White 2013, 299).

            Acupressure is a TCM treatment that utilizes pressure to be applied to any part of the body. Acupressure helps to solve dependencies provided by western medicines that heavily rely on taking oral medications (Maa, et al 2007). The purpose of acupressure is to apply pressure to the patient’s affected body part so that their health and wellness improves along with the integration of modern medicine to their body. The pressure points provide two different face of TCM treatment such as the application of positive and negative forces needed by the body to balance its health continuum. Acupressure has been used by traditional Chinese doctors to ensure that ancient Chinese during ancient times to promote their health and prevent further complications of their disease (Maa et al, 2007). In contrast, acupressure is applied using pressure points that is different from the application of acupuncture and other alternative or TCM. Application of pressure has a limited time to be applied because it causes trauma to a certain part of the body being inflicted with intense pressure to circulate the blood. Acupressure is easier to be applied than the application of acupuncture and other traditional medicine because it only needs pressure points to clear out the system (Maa, et al 2007).

            TCM is in clinical medicine provides another significant method to cure or treat diseases that affects the physiology of the body (Xue, et al 2010, 302). Although there were limited use of modern scientific method, TCM has been proven to be an effective practice of alleviating symptoms that is why it has existed for several thousands of years. This includes acupressure and acupuncture, which have similar intent to the human body because it helps to promote optimum human functioning in order to harmonize the body against medical diseases. More and more cultures from other parts of the world are opting to use TCM for the reason that it provides new breakthrough to help decrease signs and symptoms of several diseases (Xue, et al, 2010, 309). In contrast, TCM covers more alternative methods aside from acupressure and acupuncture because there are more similar methods that aim to strengthen the body’s immune system from infection. TCM is considered to be as a painless and non-invasive procedure as compared with modern medicine that manages to employ surgical procedures that can bring potential health risks. In addition, TCM is considered as an alternative to modern medicine treatments that were not that effective to treat a certain type of disease (Xue, et al 2010, 312).

Part III: Discussion and analysis

            The chosen ailment is pneumonia, which is a disease affecting the lungs of an individual. Pneumonia is considered as part of a pediatric disorder because it is a disease that commonly affects children below the age of 12. In pediatrics, pneumonia is an inflammatory condition affecting the integrity of the lungs. It affects the air sacs that are known as the alveoli responsible for gaseous exchange of the body to consistently enhance oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange (Xue, et al 2010, 304). Pneumonia is a condition when there is an increased production of mucus to a certain part or the entire part of the lungs that Traditional Chinese Medicinemakes breathing to be difficult. Pneumonia is considered to be the leading cause of mortality and morbidity related incident rates affecting millions of children around the world. It is because it is a bacterial caused infection that can be highly dangerous enough to disrupt the physiologic and physical integrity of an individual (White 2013, 302). Pneumonia is a treatable disease as studied by both modern and by the members of TCM. It is because the causative agent responsible for infecting the lungs can be treated with antibiotics and with the integration of TCM.

            Pediatric is the study of child’s health because it is a special branch of medical science that aims to prevent diseases and promote health for children’ health (Xue, et al 2010, 308). Basing from TCM, pneumonia is considered as a disruption with the environmental elemental structure of the child’s respiratory system. It is because there is an introduction of an Earth element that is infectious, which is the pathogenic microorganism. The chain of infection is established if a person did not implement the cycle of Earth’s elements in order to maintain their health and safety. Basic hand washing is one that was not implemented by the child. Patient’s family is a significant environmental factor that impacts the welfare of the child. In this case, the parents did not managed to provide care for the patient causing the patient to acquire an illness. TCM’s pediatric assessment is similar with the modern practice of medicine but is more precautious for attending the health of a child because their health is more fragile than that of an adult individual (Ng, et al 2003).

Assessment process

            Pediatrics is concerned more with the physiological profile of children because they are more susceptible to infection. Their body is not yet mature enough to have a developed immune response against infection. In TCM, physical assessment is similar with the modern medicine because it seeks to find out the cause of the disease. In the case for children suffering from pneumonia, it is important to obtain the vital signs of the child. This includes respiratory rate and temperature because there is an existing infection affecting the child’s body (White 2013, 303). In addition, the respiratory system is greatly affected by the disease, which is why the child is exhibiting hyper-respiration. If the child is showing a productive cough and shows chest indrawing, there are showing signs of respiratory distress. Nasal flares are also observable because it shows that they are having difficulty gasping for air to maintain gaseous exchange to their body. A child suffering from pneumonia is also exhibiting hyperthermia or an increase in temperature in a constant time that is above 37 degrees Celsius. If the case is severe, the child shows cyanosis or bluish discoloration of their skin because they are unable to have enough oxygen supply due to the blockage of mucus across their respiratory system (Maa, et al 2007).

Causative factors in relation to pediatrics in TCM

            In modern medicine, the causative agent of Pneumonia in children is streptococcus pneumonia but there are other strains that cause pneumonia. Pediatric assessment of children suffering from pneumonia has a worse physiologic response because their body is not that strong enough to fight against infection. In TCM, they have similar patterns of determining the cause of infection but do not determine the exact cause of the causative agent affecting the respiratory system of the person (Ng, et al (2003). TCM practitioners believe that children who suffer from respiratory distress exhibits a disruption with their breathing pattern such as the positive and negative vibes that affects their physical well-being. The four elements of nature is a significant balance that affects an individual’s physiological balance, which is why there is a disruption in some of these elements when a person exhibits distressful situation especially when suffering from pneumonia. The spiritual integrity of a person such as the child is also suffering a significant distress, which is causing their lungs to experience acute or chronic airway pattern disturbance. In addition, The Ying and Yang balance is significantly imbalanced, which caused the immune response of the body to be vulnerable to opportunistic infection such as the presence of pathogenic microorganism to invade the respiratory system (Xue, et al 2010, 310).

Diagnosis

            As a diagnosis, a patient may be considered to be suffering from acute pneumonia if they are suffering from the disease for at least 2 weeks basing from pediatric assessment. But if the patient is suffering from pneumonia for more than 2 weeks, they are now advised to proceed to the nearest hospital because severe pneumonia may cause impending death of an individual (Maa et al 2007). This means that TCM medicine is advised to be applied for the patient’s chest area because it is the area where the patient is suffering from respiratory distress. The target area for the application of TCM is on the chest area in order to ensure that the respiratory integrity is going to be restored for the patient. Aside from the chest, the patient’s other parts of the body such as a certain point in the hands and feet because there is a connection of the lungs with other parts of the body as identified by the TCM (Ng, et al 2003). Aside from the lungs, the patient’s temperature is also considered as a significant indicator of distress because it signals that there is a disruption that is now impacting the whole physiological integrity affecting the child.

Methods used by TCM

            TCM includes acupuncture, which is a therapeutic response that aims to restore the balance of the body’s Earth elements in order to help restructure its whole physiology that fastens the recovery of the patient. Acupuncture activates all of the body’s defense mechanism against external stressors such as the presence of pathogenic microorganism infection in order to promote holistic care for the child with pneumonia (White 2013, 304). On the other hand, acupressure is another TCM method that utilizes pressure in order to press against the presence of imbalances that affects the physiological well being of the child suffering from pneumonia. Acupressure aims to absorb all negative elements that are embedded inside the child’s body so that the risk of complication can be eliminated immediately after the therapy. TCM is also heavily practicing the use of Chinese medicine such as using different kinds of herbs that aims to dispel infection that affects the bodily response of the child with pneumonia. Drinking herbs allows introduction of therapeutic elements that contains anti-microbial properties to decrease the number of microbes that affects the integrity of the body (Ng, et al 2003).

Intervention

            When the doctor opted to use acupuncture, the patient’s frontal body is going to be the target. Inserting the needles within the intercostals of the patient’s lungs is now being targeted. Other parts of the body that can be targeted are both hands and feet because there is a receptor of the lungs located in the hands and the soles of the feet that need to be punctured therapeutically. Acupressure is also applied for the patient because in TCM’s consideration of pediatrics, it helps to suction all negative elements that were absorbed by the patient’s body in order to treat their medical condition such as suffering from pneumonia (Xue, et al 2010, 311). Applying acupressure can be done using a suction cup placed in front and on the back of the patient’s body. This is to disintegrate the presence of mucus deposited in each bronchi of the respiratory system. Providing herbal medicine can be applicable for patients suffering from pneumonia. This includes allowing the patient to drink boiled water that was taken from the herb in order to drink its medicinal content. TCM can be applied together with modern medicine that is currently applied in Asian countries to fasten the prognosis of the patient (Maa, et al 2007).

Conclusion

            The study presented about the significance of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for a patient who is suffering from pneumonia. The study has chosen pneumonia because it is a part of pediatric assessment and application of TCM’s intervention to improve the respiratory system of the patient particularly the child. Basing from the application of the journal, acupuncture, acupressure, and other alternatives to Chinese medicine are considered as a significant intervention to help fasten the prognosis of the patient’s health. This study presented the significance of diagnosis, physical assessment, treatment, and defining the methods used by TCM to help improve the health and wellness of the child as part of the pediatric assessment.

            Education is the most important consideration to know more about TCM. It is because as a concerned individual, TCM can be applied separately or alternately with the modern medicine. There are no side effects that can be impacted by the application of TCM to a person’s body because it is a therapeutic response to alleviate all kinds of disease process. This is the reason why there are numerous institutions around the world that are trying to know more about the standards of TCM to integrate alternative medical intervention to their patients (Maa, et al 2007). Researching more about the value of TCM is considered as an essential process to help introduce new interventions and associating ancient and modern practice of medicine is emphasized today. It is because there are no harmful consequences of using TCM to treat a person’s illness because it is a medicinal practice that helps to promote health and prevents infection. Most medical hospitals all over the world are now creating a TCM department in their health institutions because it is a department that aims to establish additional intervention to promote health and fasten patient’s recovery (White 2013, 303).

Reference

Maa, S. Tsou, T.S. Wang, C. Lin, H & Huang, Y. 2007, Self-administered acupressure reduces the symptoms that limit daily activities in bronchiectasis patients: Pilot study findings. Accessed: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2005.01515.x/abstract;jsessionid=10743981F4D50DC807C791E7683DFD6F.f03t04?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false.

Ng, T. Wong, M. Koh, K & Goh, L. (2003). The use of complementary and alternative medicine by asthma patients. Oxford Journals, volume 96, issue 10, 747-754. Accessed: http://qjmed.oxfordjournals.org/content/96/10/747.short

White, A. (2013), Trials of acupuncture for drug dependence: A recommendation for hypotheses based on the literature. Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture, volume 31, issue 3. Acupunt Medicine Publications, 297-304. Accessed: http://aim.bmj.com/content/current.

Xue, C. Zhang, A.  Greenwood, K. Lin, V & Story, David 2010, Traditional Chinese Medicine: An update on Clinical evidence. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 16(3): 301-312. doi:10.1089/acm.2009.0293. Accessed: http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2009.0293.

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