Social Construction Gender | social construction of gender

Introduction Social Construction Gender

Social Construction Gender to the socially developed attributes of being male or female, or can be portrayed as collectively constructed characteristics of feminism and masculinity. It is obvious that there are biological differences in appearance of men and Social Construction Gender | social construction of gender women, the ideology of gender lies in the fundamental construction of social and cultural values. This essay will outline the argument whether the differences in men’s and women’s abilities are socially and culturally constructed or not. The essays will argue that differences in the ability and behavior of men and women are socially and culturally created. The argument will be supported by various theories and examples conducted by different authors. The essay will also summarize the relation to the theme of gender from various sources and the book Looking for Alibrandi.

Society and Culture about Gender 

The examine of the ideology of the sex difference exposes the perceptive that the social construction between the differences in men’s and women’s abilities are on the basis of which rules, responsibilities, power, and rights or is resulted from the society and culture discrimination. The rules described here is the way of doing things that become patterns over the time. These patterns are drastically affected by social norms that become replicated with the economy. For illustration, it’s a social custom that men are the wage earner and women are a householder. It can also be illustrated from the standard that men are the decision makers, and women are the implementers of these decisions (Hollander, 2001). According to the view of the social construction of gender, society and culture develop the roles of gender, and these roles are prescribed appropriate behavior for the individual of that gender. Some people argue that variances between the behavior of men and women are totally influenced by social and cultural norms and conventions, while some others argue that the differences are affected by biological factors. According to Harvard physiologist Steven Pinker, some variations between men and women are really made because of social construction; it is only because people silently agree to act as if it is to be. The power of social rules lies into the circumstance that it appears to people as consensual, and inflexible. The variations between the gender abilities are surely created by the biases and shortages, and unequal access to education and learning. It is also affected by violence done against women (Margolin, 2016). Social and cultural norms also created the inequality in economic structure and policies in all forms of development activities. It has also created the gap between the men and women by dividing the power and decision making. Social disputes also lack respects for women and in the human rights of women.

It has been the main topic for various newspaper and magazines that the male and female ability differences are made or created due to socialization, not genetics. The ability here is stated from the reading of papers to multitasking, such as driving and conveying emotion. The belief that men are men and women will be women has become widespread. Author Cordelia Fine, in the book Delusions of Gender, stated that there are no main neurological differences between men and women (Longino & Bleier, 1984). She also added that there may be a slight difference in the brains of men and women, but it is flexible and changeable. Though there are usual differences between the both genders, but it is mainly because this variations increase with age as children intelligent are changed and intensified by our gendered culture. Kids never receive these intellectual, but they learn it from the themes of society and culture.  Males or Boys develop altitudinal talents not because of inborn superiority, but because they are expected or can be said made to become strong in sports. Correspondingly, it is assumed that girls will be more talkative and emotional, that is the reason, and their verbal skills are underlined by teachers and parents. But according to Professor, Robert Plomin, the differences between the young children stated progress is mainly due to their gender. He argued that if we draw a graph between the skills of men and women, there will be a noteworthy difference between them. His argument is also supported by other professors and authors like Eliot (Arvanitidou & Gasouka, 2013). But placement, actions, and thoughts of both genders are taught to them when they are learners. Distinct roles and responsibilities of both sexes lie mainly on either male or female roles.

Social Construction Gender | social construction of gender

In the majority of the countries, women are prescribed as inferior to men as because they have an emotional issue. Females are represented as weak and men as stronger. There are a lot of examples like this that clarifies the gap between men and women in the society. The novel, looking for Alibrandi clearly shows this gap. The story roamed behind Josephine Alibrandi, who takes on a resistant view than to the dominant discourse of females. The female character in the movie is portrayed in such a way that makes females look stranded and ignorant, and they always need men to protect them (Pèrcopo, 2008). The two disagreements and obstruction of strong versus weak are portrayed through the novel. According to this novel, the age of growing is often a difficult time and growing up as a girl has its own several issues. There is a scene in the novel, where Josephine is approached by a group of young boys. She was in a difficult situation and needed a man to handle the situation (Pèrcopo, 2008). This scene highlighted categorize that women are weaker than men. In the novel it is showed, how hard girls have to fight to have their identity in the society and what steps are taken by society and culture to pull them back (Marchetta, 2006).


Thus it can be found from the above discussion that the differences in the ability and behavior of men and women are socially and culturally created. It is examined that the gap between both sexes is created by teaching them the difference between both sexes. The ability of both genders is not from their birth. It is also inspected from the above revision that male and females may have some slight difference at birth, but it is flexible and changeable. The above discussion also summarizes the relation to the theme of gender from various sources.      


Arvanitidou, Z. & Gasouka, M. (2013). Construction of Gender through Fashion and Dressing. MJSS.

Hollander, J. (2001). Vulnerability and dangerousness: The Construction of Gender through Conversation about Violence. Gender & Society, 15(1), 83-109.

Longino, H. & Bleier, R. (1984). Delusions of Gender. The Women’s Review of Books, 1(12), 15.

Marchetta, M. (2006). Looking for Alibrandi. New York: Knopf.

Margolin, L. (2016). Sexual frigidity: the social construction of masculine privilege and feminine pathology. Journal of Gender Studies, 1-12.

Pèrcopo, L. (2008). Lieux et non-lieux: subverting spaces of recognition and belonging in Looking for Alibrandi. Studies in Australasian Cinema, 2(1), 21-31.