Intervention of Problematic Drug Use
The concept of problematic drug use indicates the use of drugs that are either recreational or dependent (Addisonet al. 2018). The primary problem which is considered in this scenario is the frequency of drug use but finally, the effect is seen in the life of the drug user. This effect or problem can be seen in the financial, legal, social, psychological life part of the drug user (Aldridge, Stevensand Barratt, 2018). However, the concept of an illicit drug refers to the substances which either inhibit stimulate in the central nervous system of the user. This type of drug is prohibited internationally due to its negative effect on society (Andreuccettiet al. 2018).
The illicit drugs are commonly used by individuals and each of the categories has their different nomenclature (Asdigianet al. 2018). For instance, the cannabinoids are considered as one of the popular types. The specific substances of this type include Marijuana and Hashish. Besides that, there are opioids, which can be swallowed, smoked, injected and snorted (Bade, Whiteand Gerber, 2018). The specific substances in this category are heroin and opium. However, the stimulants are another type of drug category, which includes cocaine, amphetamine and methamphetamine. There are also club drugs which include MDMA, Flunitrazepam and GHB. There are also other categories which are dissociative drugs, Hallucinogens, etc (Bardwelland Kerr, 2018).
In this assignment, the main focus is given on understanding the problematic drug use and its impact on the society, individual, community and family structure. Depending on the impact, different intervention routes will analyse which will be relatively effective to this matter.
Illicit drugs directly affect the crime rate open area. According to the current statistics of the United Kingdom, the crime rate is increasing which is the effect of increasing drugs market of this country worth 11 billion (Bright, Koskinen andMalm, 2018). According to the latest figure around 8.5% of the adult population from the United Kingdom is regularly using illegal drugs who are aged between 16 years to 59 years old. And the percentage is increasing continuously from the previous year’s records. In the year 2016, London became the second most used cocaine city in the world (Buckneret al. 2018).
In the early 20th century the control of drug use and addiction is mainly seen among the doctor’s involvement. At the decade of 1940, the numbers of drug addicts a small in number and under non-medical uses are few around 500 (Campanaand Varese, 2018).but the equilibrium has broken after the Second World War and the use of a drug such as cocaine and heroin has spread widely. This number has increased over the years 1960, 1962, 1964 (Castrignanòet al. 2018). The number of official members of using heroin and cocaine starts enhancing. in this time period appropriate infrastructure has started for working on the addicts and by the year of 1970 clinic doctors has started treatment for the addicts (Cerdáet al. 2018). In the year 1979, the conservative government has established the penalty for using illegal drugs. In the year 1985, the discovery of AIDS from the injecting of drugs users are seen in Scotland and put the issue related to the health concept and penalty became concerned for the drug users (Dakwaret al. 2018). after that, the year of 1995, 1997, 1998, the British government has taken initiative for fighting with the drug issue. According to the current statistics around 2593 people died in Wales and England in the year of 2016 for drug misuse (dos Santoset al. 2018). In the same year, around 24% of students are reported as tracking drugs in this country.
In the United Kingdom, cocaine is considered the most used stimulants. It not only effects on the individual but also the family community or society is being affected due to the impact of regular use (Edmundsonet al. 2018). Cocaine is considered as the recreational substance for creating the positive effect of motivation, mood and energy of an individual. However, the signs and symptoms of using cocaine are increased movement, changes in focus and concentration, increased agitation, disinhibition, effusive enthusiasm, different signs of involuntary movements, increase nosebleeds, etc (El Jamalet al. 2018). Over time the individual is affected by cocaine which is dangerous and usually known as erratic behaviour psychotic symptoms and new onset attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Excessive use of cocaine directly create instability within the family system, financial distress, increase the rate of mistrust, stealing and lying, conflict among the different members of the family and finally increase the denial and shame (Fantuzziet al. 2018). Effects of the children due to this drug use of the parents are also creating critical conditions. Parental inconsistency, increasing experience of the children of being abused and neglected, adult roles are played by children, behaviour problems emotional instability are part of the negative effects of using cocaine by parents. The effect of using cocaine impacts on the community society (Garridoet al. 2018). Changes occur in the public sectors, Healthcare services and criminal justice system of the society. The effect of using this drug directly is seen in the economic output of the country. However, for minimising the negative effect of this drug use the United Kingdom has to increase the Healthcare budget of treating drug users (Gonzaleset al. 2018). Due to the increasing number of the drug user, the crime rate of the country generally increases which is highest in the United Kingdom currently.
Due to the increasing number of using drug among the young people the United Kingdom has specific laws in the year of 2010 to 201the 5 for reducing the rate. Misuse of drugs acts 1971 which is used by the United Kingdom for minimising the effect of drug use (Guiseet al. 2018). Besides that, the misuse of drugs legislation 2001 is a specified law for controlling the supply of illegal drugs including cocaine (Harriset al. 2018). Other regulations are the misuse of drug legislation 1973 which is related to safe custody and the misuse of drugs regulations 1997 is related to supply to addicts.
The advisory council on the misuse of the drug is working for different drug-related issues in the United Kingdom (Higginset al. 2018). The government policy also had basic treatment for the drug users which is known as recovery wings in the prison for providing the prisoners with a drug-free experience for the future. There were also different prevention programs such as providing education regarding drugs misuse the FRANK service is well known (Jalalet al. 2018). In addition to that, the business risk retention scheme is an intervention grant system. In the year 2017, the drug policy of the United Kingdom has updated by the government. Due to the increasing number of drug users in the year 2015 to 2016 this policy astrology has specific goals (Johnstonet al. 2018). Preventing people especially the young generation, targeting the criminals who are increasing the use of illicit drugs, offering the drug uses recovery and driving are taking action at the international scale regarding this issue. The drug strategy 2010 focuses on restricting the supply, reducing the demand and building recovery a providing a drug-free life to the population (Jozaghiet al. 2018). The current law related to the drug use include psychoactive substances act 2016.
In analysing the figures from the data of NHS, it has been figured out that the number of patients who have admitted in hospital administration for misuse of cocaine in England in the year 2017 to 2018 is 14470 (Junget al. 2018). The data of office for the National States has shown that there are 432 deaths which are related to the use of cocaine in England and Wales in the year of 2017 compared to 112 in the year of 2011. The cocaine-related deaths are also high in Scotland. In the year 2015, there are around 300 deaths in Scotland related to the use of cocaine (Kalket al. 2018).
In comparing all these data of UK, Scotland, England and Wales, it has been identified that morbidity link with hospitalization in the UK is highest. The major reason behind the increasing number of deaths and hospitalization in this country is the increasing number of cocaine suppliers in this area (Kirby, McManusand Boulton, 2018). It has been identified that the supply of cocaine is increasing because of the connectivity of this area with various illicit drug suppliers.
The financial year of 2014 to 2015 is shown that for enforcing different activities related to the reduction of drug use the government of the United Kingdom spend around 1.6 billion (Magillet al. 2018).
Intervention is considered as an act of asserting others between one thing. The process of intervention is divided in this scenario of understanding the effect or impact of cocaine use in the United Kingdom (Mahlerand Aston-Jones, 2018). There are three types of intervention including medical intervention psychological intervention and physical intervention.
The medical intervention, which is also known as the detoxification process for the cocaine users are divided into both positive and negative influence. The process of cocaine withdrawal majorly effects on the medical condition of the user (Mahuwalaet al. 2018). Initially, the withdrawal of this drug provides a negative reaction to the medical condition of the addict. The crash is a common effect which has a different impact on the user those includes feelings of depression, fatigue, restlessness, increased hunger, anxiety, increase miss trust and paranoid of others, etc (Marloweet al. 2018). Besides that high desire for restarting cocaine is part of the medical intervention process. Inpatient detoxification which is mainly short-term, help embodies of the drug user for being safe and also useful for withdrawal the symptoms (Massonand Bancroft, 2018). The residential base treatment centres provide the addict with a home-like atmosphere, which is very useful for recovering, medical treatment, counselling of individual cocaine user. Finally, outpatient-based treatment refers to the afterlife of the withdrawal of cocaine addiction which needs to continue by the user on a regular basis (Metrebianet al. 2018). This process helps in fighting with different attention deficit disorder and depression for a long-term recovery.