Industrialization Emergence Workforces Europe

Industrialization Emergence Workforces Europe biggest events in the 19th century was the early onset of industrialization. Industrialization led to the emergence of work forces in Europe and America in large numbers and the start of many industries across different manufacturing sectors. Industrialization was especially an important part of both the world wars and the manufacturing strength of the warring countries proved to be a vital aspect of the war in effect. The emergence of industrialization led to increase in the number of people being employed in the factories. As times passed, out of a need to get organized to gain correct rights and facilities for themselves, the trade unions started being formed across Europe and America. Initially such organizations were formally banned and thrived under Industrialization Emergence Workforces Europedifferent names but the purpose was to purely work for the advantage of the employees which included the skilled as well as unskilled labour. The primary reason for the emergence of such unions was that the individual employees felt that they stood a far better chance at getting their grievance resolved and get their due rights by sticking together and uniting for the same. Thus was born what was to be one of the greatest political and economical aspects of the society – the trade unions.

The idea behind a trade union

the philosophy and the reasons for their emergence are very basic and primal in nature. The social structure during the emergence of the industrial era were such that large scale employment was being generated with the modernisation of production facilities and the requirement of the workforce in infrastructural building of economies and national across the world. This workforce was usually more often than not unskilled.

Policies of their time

The policies of the time which were in effect were framed with more powers being given to the owners of such factories, which were private bodies in the capitalist countries and the governments in the socialist countries. Such policies did not clearly define the rights of the workers and their entitlement as a worker in the factories was not clearly defined (Kornblum et al., 1974). Trade unions gave the workers a place where they could put forward their demands and get their voices heard. The driving forces behind the trade union were the workers themselves.

Management Dealing

If we closely look at the way that the society was structured in those times, we would find that in countries like Britain, where one of the earliest unions were formed as a result of the Manchester industrialization, the number of workers to the number of management and owners was huge. This large number of workers gave the unions the much required strength to talk to the upper management and the owners to get their demands met (Rosen, 1969).
Trade unions are at the basic level an attempt by people to form an organization by joining hands to achieve their common goals and benefit as a group.

The workers, if they try to achieve their goals and demands as individuals would not be successful and will not be able to put forward their demands in the appropriate forums due to the lack of strength in numbers (Klandermans, 1986). This is the reason why the trade unions became prevalent and acted as an important tool for mobilising the strength of the working class of nations across the world. The working class was typified by working the shifts as required by the factories and living on the low basic wages being provided to them (Freeman et al., 1984).

Industrialization Emergence Workforces Europe

The living conditions were poor and the workers were unskilled which did not allow them to find alternate sources of income that easily. This gave a lot of power in the hands of the factory and mill owners. As evident in the way that the workers were treated by not providing them with proper work related environment and facilities showed the contempt that they were treated with. This cornering of the working class led to the emergence of the trade unions.
After formation, trade unions worked like any other organization which is built to represent the interests of a set of people. The leaders of the trade unions were generally elected from amongst the workers by ways of elections in which the members of the unions were allowed to vote. The leaders thus elected were responsible for uniting the member sunder one banner and taking note of their demands and grievances. At the beginning the focus and the purpose of the unions was quite simple. They had to ensure that they presented the demands in front of factory managements and that these were met satisfactorily. The strength on the side of the unions was the power to drop the tools. The concept of a strike was and is the biggest strength that any trade union has.

The right to strike work is one of the most primary and legal right of any working individual across the world. This concept to strike the work was the most potent weapon available with the trade unions (Basset, 1993). If it was found that the management of the organizations were unwilling to listen to demands or to accept them, rounds of negotiations would take place between the two parties. The known process of working this out was that the management was given a list of demands by the trade unions which would include salary revisions, work hour revisions amongst other things. The management was supposed to agree to these demands of the workers.

Conclusion

Under the negotiation process, the demands were usually watered down a little and a compromise would be reached between the two parties where in the trade union would reduce the demands and then the management would agree to it and implement the same. But, in certain cases, the negotiations would invariable break down which would lead to face offs between the two parties. This usually led to the trade unions calling strikes in which the workers would not report to work until their demand were met by the management. The strike was a true test of the unity of the workers and the tenacity of the management in getting their points across (Lewis, 1963). The trade unions would act as the arbitrators between the two factions and try to arrive at a compromise. Order Now.