Managing ICT Projects and Systems
IT projects management is a process of scheduling, organizing and defining various responsibilities for achievement of IT goals of an organization, while civil engineering is consider as a discipline of professional engineering which deals with the plan, formation and protection of natural and physical construction environment that include works like bridges, dams, roads and buildings. The present report will discuss about the similarities and differences of civil engineering and describe the waterfall approach in project management. Moreover, the report is going to discuss about the methodology of waterfall approach and also explain different techniques and tools which are not suitable to manage IT projects. Further, study will explain the evolution of agile approach to manage IT projects and also analyse the critically and suitability of agile approach to manage IT projects.
COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING AND IT PROJECTS
The major similarities among the IT projects and civil engineering projects are that they both are considered to be proper collection of required equipments and tools to be used for designing IT projects and civil engineering projects (Love.et.al, 2010). IT projects could be used in various businesses of civil engineering for improving the effectiveness of construction projects and for achieving desired goals in a proper timeframe.
There are a lot of difference among characteristic and nature of IT projects and civil engineering. The civil engineering mainly works to build various construction projects like buildings, homes, roads etc. while IT projects are mainly works for new and innovative technology for achievement of business goals in a proper way (Hirschman, 2011). IT projects mainly works with different type of hardware and software programs. But the project of civil engineering mainly focuses on physical involvement in the development projects. IT projects have wide information management system and different type of flexibility operations and activities. IT projects use different mechanism for designing and planning of the projects of company (Love.et.al, 2010). Whereas, the project of civil engineering mainly creates the special design for columns, roof, slab, beams, roads and load calculation foundation of construction work.
DESCRIBE CLEARLY AND UNAMBIGUOUSLY THE TRADITIONAL CIVIL ENGINEERING (WATERFALL) APPROACH TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT
The waterfall approach is a sequential method of software development. The waterfall approach is considered as the most efficient approach of project management in civil engineering. This approach helps the organization to maintain the level of project in construction industry. This approach stated that the civil projects required huge capitals or money as they are essentially required in this type of construction projects (Adenowo and Adenowo, 2013). This approach provides sequence to the organization in relation to project maintenance and development.
According to this approach, the project follows a well-managed development of projects from one stage to another stage. The levels of waterfall approach of project development helps the organization to have a proper plan for project management and pursued it in an effective way (Bloch.et.al, 2011). This method helps to collect different information and requirements which are essential to manage the project.
A common waterfall project follows a specific plan in which the model is used to specify the time frame. It will be used to decide the architect of the project and maintenance. Then according to the model the construction will start in a proper manner. This approach also helps the construction project as it specifies the needs and requirements and also it solves architecting problems that appears in construction project. In the present time, waterfall approach is mainly used along the software projects and it consists of various stages and each stage provides measures and controlled outputs for the project (Ji and Sedano, 2011). Moreover, waterfall approach provide different specifications of needs and requirements and it also helps to validate all the stages in a succeeding way to determine that the project fulfil needs and requirements of the project. It is a linear model, so it is very easy to implement the model in construction projects and for achieving the target in a proper time frame.