Part 1 –Community Assessment
The principal objective of any health care organization is to work for the wellbeing of the communities in which they are operating, through the improvement of health conditions. Health is referred to as a means of living an active and productive life with the absence of any disease or illness (Wholey, Hatry, & Newcomer, 2010). However, it is not merely the nonexistence of health related issues; but in fact, it is a wide-ranging and comprehensive state of physical, physiological and social wellbeing (Institute of Medicine, 2012). A number of ways are devised by public health practitioners to achieve this goal effectually.
One such strategy of these organizations for the attainment of this purpose is the development of health related benefit programs and activities by thoroughly assessing health needs of the particular community that would facilitate them in improving their health and curing them from the identified health problem or problems. Development of such community benefit programs and activities require analyzing the different facets of the community critically and then after identifying the health needs, implementing the strategies accordingly by prioritizing those needs. The following figure depicts this framework of developing a community health benefit program.
Figure 1: community benefit framework (Fielding, Teutsch & Breslow, 2010)
However, to develop such programs for a community, the first thing that needs to be done according to the evidence based public health principles is the conductance of community health needs assessment. Evidence based public health, in simple words can be defined as a systematic process of coalition of the interventions that are based on science and the community preferences with the underlying aim of the prevention of health issues identified in the community and augmenting their health. Cullen & Adams defined it as a premeditated application of the contemporary best available evidence not only prudently but also unequivocally and conscientiously, so as to make the decisions about the prevention of diseases, healthcare service provision, health safeguarding and enhancement in a community and population (2010).