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  • September 4, 2016
  • David Marks
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy


Cognitive behavioural Therapy is an effective way to change the clients thinking way based on the emotions and behaviour. The therapy helps the clients to deal with the problems they are facing in case of self scolding or inner feelings. The report will highlight the details of the Cognitive Behaviour Theory, problems faced by the clients, treatments that are used to follow in the CBT therapy and lastly the merits and demerits of the CBT in reducing the irrational thought process of the clients or the patients. In report we the various treatments and its effectiveness will also be highlight in order to select the effective methods of the CBT treatments. Overall the report will give the importance of the CBT in changing the behaviour of the individual for placing the positive behaviour and actions.

1. According to Ellis the irrational patterns of thinking that clients cling to be reinforced by their internal language or self scolding.  Discuss the role of CBT therapist in helping the clients to change these patterns of thinking.

In order to discuss the role of the CBT therapist to the help the client regarding their irrational thinking which are reinforced by the internal language, it is necessary to understand the Cognitive Behavioural Theory is all about.

At the very first Albert Ellis is highly dissatisfied with the classical psychotherapy but he agreed the irrational forces influence the individual’s behaviour and thought process. He also claimed that these irrational forces are not only for the individual’s childhood surroundings but also the other factors. Cognitive Behavioural Theory (CBT) is one of the types based on the psychotherapy which is used for the treatment of the mental disorders. It mainly helps the individual to get rid of the negative thinking and the behaviour. The treatment is depend upon the blend of the principles based on the behavioural and cognitive. In a brief we can say that Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is focused towards the action and helps the individual to evidence the relationship that exist between the feelings, thoughts with the patterns of the individuals behaviour. CBT highlight that the perceptions of the individual influence the responses based on any situations. So we can say that the thought or the feelings of an individual directly influence the action of that concerned individual. (National Health Service, 2014)

The objective of the CBT is to reduce the problems of the clients or the patients by dealing them in a positive way. It supports the individual to tune-up their thought process, beliefs, physical sensations that leads to give the negative impact on their behaviours. CBT provides an effective treatment based on the mental problems like panic disorder, phobias, obsessive compulsive disorders, eating disorders, insomnia etc.

It has been observed while studying the behaviour of the individual that it is the perception of the individual which influence the event. For instance if an individual is highly anxious that the concerned day will go bad then it is the role of these negative thoughts which will influence him/her to concentrate only on the negative side. This will prevents the individual to find out the positive way and when all the results seems to be negative then this individual is trapped in the hand of the depression or irrational thoughts that can also hamper the life. Here comes the treatment of the Cognitive Behavioural Therapy where the therapist will modify the inner thoughts of the individual in order to find the positive and the healthy side of the life. As per Aaron T. Beck who is considered to be the father of the cognitive theory claimed that the behaviour or the pattern of the thinking of an individual is linked with the childhood grooming and the surroundings beside him/her.

Under CBT, the therapist has identified certain assumptions of an individual that are dysfunctional which are as follows: (Prochaska and Norcross, 2003)

Self-references: In this case individual thinks that everyone used to give the attention when he/she fails in achieving something

Selective-abstraction: In selective-abstraction, the individual used to think that the failures of her/him are the variable for evaluating his competencies.

Over-generalising: Over here the individual thinks that if anything has happened in the first chance then it will happen for all the cases.

Excessive responsibility: The individual used to think that he is only responsible for the entire success or failure that has happened.

Dichotomous thinking: The individual is used to evaluate the whole world in two spheres like black or white and nothing is between that.

The process of the Cognitive behavioural is aligned with the educational models that support the individual to replace the negative reactions, feelings with the positive reactions, emotional outflow. Basically all the problems of the individuals are break down into the small parts and then specific short-term goals are set for each part which is adjusted according to the individual reacts or think during treatment process.

The techniques used in the CBT involve a structured process. There are sessions conducted by the CBT therapist for the client who is suffering from the negative feelings or mental disorders. These sessions have clear cut goals associated with a time. The basic approach of CBT therapist used to create and establish a friendly relationship with the client or the patient in order to gather the relevant information which is not biased or being made out of fear or improper. After analysing all the information gathered from the clients or patient, the therapist will give some


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