You are required to write a Literature Review on one of the following topics:Does a strong corporate culture enhance organisational performance? Discuss, with reference to the key academic studies in this area.
Topic of organizational culture has become very popular in today’s day and age with many books, essays and academic journals trying to define and explain the topic to the average reader. Many magazines have popularized the concept of the organizational culture and have come up with multiple rankings on the topic of positive organizational culture for the organization in many surveys like the “Best Company to Work for” and so on. However the question remains unanswered as to what is a positive organizational culture and how to define it for any organization. There is in fact no good or bad organizational culture and it should rather be argued as to whether the culture is relevant or not for any particular organization. The culture should be more in congruence with the ethics, values and the long term goal of any organization. So in this paper we will be discussing the various researches and findings that have been carried out on this topic and try to explain each one of them in depth (Bolman, Deal, 1997).
Literature Themes & Arguments
The cultural congruence model was defined by Edgar Schein. This definition of culture involves the concept of shared pattern assumptions which is considered to be of very good use in case of new members. It includes artifacts, espoused values and basic assumptions. These all elements are considered the basis for understanding any organizational culture. Congruence is considered to be agreement of harmony any organization’s culture, its vision and mission and the employees of the organization. This means that if the people of any organization believe in the values that particular organization stands for, it can be very effective for the organization. But to get to this, one must determine the basic artifacts and the assumptions for any organization. Once all these have been determined, they can be assessed for the kind of fit they have with the other factors like vision, mission and the people of the organization per se (Lebo, 1997, p.25). This analysis would be done by collating the data which includes the interviews, observations, surveys etc. of the organization and the various parties involved in the same.