Fiji is a developing country with a major textile manufacturing industry. Discuss the role of Government, multinational corporations and civil society in this industry. Discuss the various perspectives of this issue for small business, corporations, government, and civil society in establishing safe working conditions for employees. Using Steven Lukes power framework, examine how power is manifest in this industry and the kinds of power various players adopt. Ultimately, who is responsible for worker safety, and how can this be reconciled with civil and human rights?
Business And Government In The Global Context
The Fiji land garment sector has lived a very short yet often turbulent history in facts. It is a product of the export related economic sector development strategy which was added with basic preferred trading arrangements which have experienced a very dramatic early growth with a sudden bust. The garment industry which rapidly became a very major part of the complete economic structure of Fiji and had often surpassed sugar industry as the Numero Uno export sector of Fiji.
Also, the Garment industry’s rapid as well as impressive growth was always been discomfort over the sustainability of the garment industry in the longer term as well as the benefits of garment factory generating employment for all of its employees, which comprised especially women. While the garment sector in Fiji has proved to be a very critical source of business for low-income wage earners which has come in for sustained level of criticism over the years which is regarding poor labor conditions, low wages as well as huge exploitation of female gender labor. Arguably all these conditions have been taken up by regional as well as global trade contracts as well as agreements, which were essentially asked by the garment sector in Fiji for a low-wage as well as low-skill role, which thus perpetuate industry dependence as well as its workforce to ‘working level poverty’. The Garment industry’s economic bases have always remained fragile as well as dependent on markets as well as buyers over which it has very little control.