BP Case Study
The Deep water Horizon oil spill which is also known as the British Petroleum oil spillage, the British Petroleum oil sea disaster, the Gulf of Mexico oil spillage, or the Macondo blowout was an oil spillage accident in the Gulf of Mexico on the British Petroleum operated Macondo Oil Well is called to be one of the largest man made accidental oil spillage ever in the history of the Global petroleum industry. It is estimated that it had 8% to 31% larger volume spillage when compared to the earlier Ixtoc oil spillage. After an explosion and sinking of the Deep water Horizon oil rig happen claiming 11 human lives, the sea-floor oil flowed outside for around 90 days, till seizure on 15 July 2010. The total Oil Spillage was estimated at around 4.9 million barrels.
A massive response done by British Petroleum tried to protect nearby beaches, wetlands and estuaries from the effect of spreading oil by using skimmer ships, floating booms, controlled burns as well as huge amount of oil dispersant. British Petroleum failed to contain the flow till 19th September, the oil rig sealed. Some reports dispute the claim by indicating that the rig site continues to leakage. As the months-long spillage continued, when combined with adverse effects caused by cleanup activities, it caused excessive damage to corresponding marine as well as wildlife habitats, fishing as well as tourism industries, and exponentially increased human health problems. The extent of spillage is so high those three years after the spillage, tar balls are still found on the Mississippi coast.