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Distinct sectional points of view between the North and the South

American History Assignment Help the period before the civil war the North and the South developed different viewpoints with regards to the issue of slavery and governance. From the foundation of the states, the North and the South were different in more ways than one. However, the major difference that created varying viewpoints was the economical aspect.

American History Assignment Help | National Museum of American HistoryThe North was against slavery and established laws that considered all people to be free. Even so, the blacks did not have the same rights as the whites with regards to right to vote. The North was of the view that all people deserved to be free in the context of morality; thus, it established a work force that did not rely on slavery (Gallagher, 33). On the other hand, the South advocated for slavery and did think that it was wrong as the north did. It is important to note that the varying viewpoints were developed as early as 1800 and only became stronger during the period leading up to the civil war.

After the establishment of the laws to abolish slavery in the Northern states, the South maintained that they were at liberty to continue with slavery. This is due to the fact that the South’s economy depended on the slaves while the North had adopted an economy whose working did not rely on Slave labour. In addition, the South had invested a lot of money into the slaves and a stop of their labour would lead to economic failure. To handle the varying viewpoints, both the North and the South had to make compromises. Consider the popular compromise of 1850 which involved maintaining a balance in congress for the leaders of both the South and the North. There was also the Fugitive Slave act of 1850 where the free Northern states were obligated to capture and return slaves to the Southern slave states if they sought asylum. These compromises ensured the North and the South coexisted in the period before the Civil war.

Fate of the Black Americans in the North and South during the Civil war

Slavery as an institution was central to the politics and economy of the United States of America dating back to the colonial times. The black American soldier in the south and in the north was in the hands of white American soldiers in the north as well as in the south. It is evident that history of the civil war is in most cases presented where the northern white actors were fighting against their fellow southern white actors. The African American soldier remained in the periphery waiting as their fate was to be decided by their counterparts American soldiers.

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Black men in the north as well as in the south rushed to the union army butthey were turned away. The north believed that conscripting them would result to alienation of Northern whites. From history, one notes that the fate of the black men who joined the army union was dictated by the influence they would have with regard to the loyalty of the border slaves who had for many years remained loyal. While the north feared that conscription of the blacks would alienate the whites, the south feared that if black soldiers became soldiers, they would have weapons to attack them. As such, blacks were side-lined in the war between the North and the South which seemed to be an all whites affair in the beginning.

According to Gallagher et al. (2003), the war diverted the attention of the whites from slavery. Many slaves fled the war zones since they were unmanned and they ran into the union army (90). During the civil war, there were no policies to deal with fugitives and thus the fate of many black Americans who fled from their areas was left to the commanders. In the North, the blacks acquired more rights and the fugitives were given land on the condition that they would provide a set amount of cotton to the government.

The civil war was a turning point for the blacks in the south. In the period leading to their admission into the army, the South which was more radical with regards to the issue of Slavery allowed for there to be free blacks who were allocated land. There were soldiers assigned to look out for the black Americans in the South even though some of them reneged on it. A large percentage of the fugitives were black Americans forced to stay in camps where poor conditions led to their suffering and death.Order Now