What is the rationale
What is the rationale and goal of conservative/fundamentalist, secular, and modernist/progressive movements in Islamic culture?
I also want to know about the current state of the “battle for the heart of Islam”. I’d like to understand which movement holds the greatest potential for succeeding, and why. Here’s more on the subject –
After reaching its pinnacle during the 16th and 17th centuries, Muslim culture experienced a sharp decline as it felt the impact of European expansionism. By the early 20th century, three distinct responses can be identified as Muslim leaders sought to reform and revitalize Islam: conservative/fundamentalist, secular, and modernist/progressive.
HOW TO DIVIDE MUSLIMS – RAND Corporation
“Fundamentalists reject democratic values and contemporary Western culture. They want an authoritarian, puritanical state that will implement their extreme view of Islamic law and morality. They are willing to use innovation and modern technology to achieve that goal.
Traditionalists want a conservative society. They are suspicious of modernity, innovation, and change.
Modernists want the Islamic world to become part of global modernity. They want to modernize and reform Islam to bring it into line with the age. Secularists want the Islamic world to accept a division of church and state in the manner of Western industrial democracies, with religion relegated to the private sphere.
Support the modernists first: Publish and distribute their works at subsidized cost. Encourage them to write for mass audiences and for youth. Introduce their views into the curriculum of Islamic education. Give them a public platform. Make their opinions and judgments on fundamental questions of religious interpretation available to a mass audience in competition with those of the fundamentalists and traditionalists, who have Web sites,publishing houses, schools, institutes, and many other vehicles for disseminating their views. Position secularism and modernism as a counterculture option for disaffected Islamic youth. Facilitate and encourage an awareness of their pre- and non-Islamic history and culture, in the media and the curricula of relevant countries. Assist in the development of independent civic organizations, to promote civic culture and provide a space for ordinary citizens to educate themselves about the political process and to articulate their views.
Support the traditionalists against the fundamentalists: Publicize traditionalist criticism of fundamentalist violence and extremism;encourage disagreements between traditionalists and fundamentalists. Discourage alliances between traditionalists and fundamentalists. Encourage cooperation between modernists and the traditionalists who are closer to the modernist end of the spectrum. Where appropriate, educate the traditionalists to equip them better for debates against fundamentalists. Fundamentalists are often rhetorically superior, while traditionalists practice a politically inarticulate folk Islam. In such places as Central Asia, they may need to be educated and trained in orthodox Islam to be able to stand their ground. Increase the presence and profile of modernists in traditionalist institutions Discriminate between different sectors of traditionalism.Encourage those with a greater affinity to modernism, such as the Hanafi law school, versus others. Encourage them to issue religious opinions and popularize these to weaken the authority of backward Wahhabi inspired religious rulings. This relates to funding: Wahhabi money goes to the support of the conservative Hanbali school. It also relates to knowledge: More-backward parts of the Muslim world are not aware of advances in the application and interpretation of Islamic law. Encourage the popularity and acceptance of Sufism.
Confront and oppose the fundamentalists: Challenge their interpretation of Islam and expose inaccuracies.Reveal their linkages to illegal groups and activities. Publicize the consequences of their violent acts. Demonstrate their inability to rule, to achieve positive development of their countries and communities. Address these messages especially to young people, to pious traditionalist populations, to Muslim minorities in the West, and to women. Avoid showing respect or admiration for the violent feats of fundamentalist extremists and terrorists. Cast them as disturbed and cowardly, not as evil heroes. Encourage journalists to investigate issues of corruption, hypocrisy, and immorality in fundamentalist and terrorist circles. Encourage divisions among fundamentalists.
Selectively support secularists: Encourage recognition of fundamentalism as a shared enemy, discourage secularist alliance with anti-U.S. forces on such grounds as nationalism and leftist ideology. Support the idea that religion and the state can be separate in Islam too and that this does not endanger the faith but, in fact, may strengthen it.”
Source: Building Moderate Muslim’s Network by Cheryl Bernard (www.rand.org)
The goal of islam is to serve The Creator, and while your on that course you must fillful all needs of yourself and society, so a law and political system is needed – including revenue machanism ( zakat), lwas and regulation (shari’ah), defence (pratical jihadh) and so on.
Not following these could mean a decline in culture, or you could become a conservative, or if you follow, you are called “fundamentalist” and if you bring innovation to it its “progressive and modern”
Hence, deviating from the true nature of islam created the sect and different opinions: sloution go back to the book, – making the religion secular makes it a void.