How can we reconcile the two views
How can we reconcile the two views of those who claim there is a genetic basis for behavior and those who believe that, in varying degrees, society determines human nature?
There are those who claim there is a genetic basis for behavior. All human activity is determined by one’s genes. On the other hand, people such as Plato, Marx, and Skinner believe that, in varying degrees, society determines human nature.
We can reconcile the genetic and sociological basis of human activity by recognizing that they both refer to very different scales when they refer to human activity. Reconciliation can occur when we redefine the scale within which we are trying to look at human activity. Now in case someone is sleepy in the classroom because he was awake all night playing a game on the internet, it seems futile to attribute his/her sleepiness to genetic rather than sociological reasons. On the other hand if an individual shows great resistance to illness, his/her health need not necessarily attributed to a secret health potion his grandmother provides him with but can be approached by looking at the genetic aspects of his/her immunity. What we must here recognize is that there is no strict one to one relation of causation for either genetic or sociological approaches. For instance the field of Epidemiology suggests that the manifestation of disease is not limited either to genetic or sociological factors but include a unique combination of these factors.