The Great Wall of China
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The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest wonders of the world. In 1987, the wall was listed as a world Heritage by UNESCO (DuTemple, 2002). The wall stretches approximately 13, 170 miles which is same as 21, 196 kilometers. It winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, plateaus, and mountains; the wall appears like a gigantic dragon (DuTemple, 2002).
The Great Wall was originally built to protect invasion of enemies. It was built in the spring and autumn as a defensive fortification by three states which are Yan, Zhao, and Qin. For many years, the wall was built and it went through constant extensions and repairs in later dynasties. In the earlier days the wall began as independent walls for different states, and it only became the Great wall during the Qin Dynasty.(DuTemple, 2002). Qin worked hard to see the walls joined together to prevent the Huns in the north from invading. His success in joining the walls is what made it a Great Wall. Since his reign, the wall has served as a monument of the Chinese nation throughout history. The wall starts from Hushan in the east to Jiayuguan pass in the west traversing Liaoning, Beijin, Tianjin, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Shanxi, and Qinghai.
It is amazing how the wall was constructed. Using local resources for construction the wall came to be. The construction was carried out in line with the local conditions under the management of contract and responsibility system (DuTemple, 2002). The workforce behind the building of the wall was made up of soldiers, peasants and the rebels. These people worked day and night to erect the Great Wall of China. Materials used in the construction included; stones, sand, and bricks. These materials were delivered to the construction sites by hand, carts, rope, and goats.